I mentioned how this was going to be such an entertaining political season.
"Yeah, except that it could actually happen," observed my wife.
"True. It's kinda like the country as a whole is engaged in a giant act of political bungee jumping."
Pain and pleasure are thus part of two different genealogies of life regulation. Pain is aligned with punishment and is associated with behaviors such as withdrawal or freezing. Pleasure, on the other hand, is aligned with reward and is associated with behaviors such as seeking and approaching.
Punishment causes organisms to close themselves in, freezing and withdrawing from their surroundings. Reward causes organisms to open themselves up and out toward their environment, approaching it, searching it, and by so doing increasing both their opportunity of survival and their vulnerability. (p. 78)If we take seriously the idea of human society as a superorganism, this observation has some interesting implications.
|The iconic image of Che, but rendered in corn kernels on a black surface.|
From the stairway to the roof at the Museum of the Battle of Ideas
|This bas relief sculpture is mounted on the wall across the street from the entrance to the museum.|
The words below the Cuban flag say, "Cuba responds" (to the U.S.'s stance in the Elián González affair).
Photo: Pawsansoe Bree
|Income shares of the top 10%, top 1%, top 0.1%, and top 0.01% in the U.S.|
Data from World Wealth and Income Database www.wid.world